March 1st Movement 100th Memorial Association, International

31절100주년 기념행사 (1)

Freedom fighters in S. Korea have organized a “March 1st Movement” to advance their cause and principles:

Background and Purpose

The South Korean government is deeply pro-North Korea(NK) and pro-China. It acts like a royal alliance for China and NK. Its domestic policies amount to quasi-totalitarian brainwashing and terror-purging. Many Koreans have become imbued with the false idea of ‘peace-at-any-cost’, the main theme of the propaganda by the SK government, even though it means that they fall prey to the nuclear-armed democidal totalitarian cult.

Still the US administration cannot or should not openly criticize or put pressure on the SK government, since at this phase, the Sino-NK pact, NOT Seoul, is the main target. The situation is too dangerous and volatile that any open antagonism between Washington and Seoul should be delayed until the final, decisive resolution.

Thus the US policy tends to look confusing and even unprincipled to SK people. It has become ever more self-evident that the US House and/or Senate need(s) to send messages to Korean people that the US-Korea alliance is far more than a military, strategic, geopolitical, and economic one, without openly criticizing SK government.

The alliance has a deep and rich historical context shared by American and Korean people. People-to-people, spirit-to-spirit alliance began 1890s, almost 60 years before any political, economic or military alliance.

The early stage people-to-people alliance culminated into the 1919 nationwide peaceful upheaval, that is March 1st Movement. Christian community supported by Americans in Korea led the March 1st. Strikingly, even though the WWI spread deep disillusionment and suspicion toward liberal democracy, civilization and human dignity and the Bolshevik revolution in Russia lured many too many learned people into pro-totalitarianism, the statement of the March 1st is full of optimism and belief in liberal democracy and free world.

As the Moon government is trying to hijack the fate of whole South Koreans and to degrade them into puppets manipulated by the totalitarian cult, so the rotten learned people is trying to hijack the March 1st and to fabricate a false history that it had nothing to do with American people or with Christian missionaries and that it paved a way for collaborating with the communist parties of USSR and China.

In this context, it is very important for US house and/or senate to celebrate the centennial and to tell the truth that there was a strong people-to-people, spirit-to-spirit alliance before any military, political or economic one and that the March 1st was the culmination of this early stage alliance. In this way, we Americans can send South Koreans a very clear message that we know what we are doing, we know it is about overcoming totalitarianism in China, NK and SK, and we are sequencing and aligning measures to take care of this very dangerous and volatile situation.

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The Early Stage Alliance and Its Incarnation

This year is the centennial anniversary of the March 1st by Korean people in 1919. One hundred years ago, a month-long series of peaceful rallies swept through the whole Korean peninsula despite of the atrocious put-down by the Japanese military. People got burned alive as they were locked-in churches and slashed by swards wielded by mounted Japanese soldiers and shot by the police.

But they never took to the arms. The Movement was a pivotal inspiration for Indian people’s non-violence strategy and China’s May 4th Movement. Marsh 1st was the beginning of the awakening for independence, liberal democracy, human rights and affluence (rapid development). It was the start of the long march to today’s South Korea.

What made the Korean people stand up with such maturity and intelligence, all of a sudden?

Korea had been a vassal state of China before 1894 when Japan won the Sino-Japanese war. After the disengagement from Sino-sphere it became a helpless geopolitical ‘chunk-of-meat’ to be colonized either by Russia or Japan. When Japan won the Russo-Japanese war in 1905 Korea became a colony. After all, Korean peninsula was just one of the poorest, most-unknown, and geopolitically-least-important remote ‘piece-of-land’ from the Western perspective.

But something very unique and quite miraculous happened in the very end of 19th century. The American people, the best missionaries of that time worldwide (such as Dr. Hulbert or Dr. Avison), introduced a new world perspective and key values to Korean people when they were rapidly falling down to despair and wretchedness:

  • Belief in robust individuality
  • Belief in human dignity
  • Belief in the victory of free country, free trade and free world
  • Optimism toward science and civilization
  • Belief in liberal democracy
  • Belief in self-help

These missionaries dedicated their, their wives’ , their sons’ and their daughters’ whole lives for Korean people. For example, Dr. Hulbet, who was the mentor, friend and colleague of the founding president Syngman Rhee, since Dr, Rhee was 20 years old, defined the modern grammar and spelling-rule rule for Korean alphabet and recorded Korean folk songs. Dr. Hubert even put a Korean name (‘Hananim’, a traditional concept of ‘the One’) in the Korean bible. Thus God acquired another common name ‘Hananim’, other than Abba(Father) or Lord, uniquely in Korean.

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The American people in Korea freed and sent Syngman Rhee, who had been serving life- sentence, to the United States in 1905. There Dr. Rhee studied at Harvard and got his doctoral degree at Princeton in 1910, while making a very close relationship with Woodrow Wilson, who served as the president of Princeton. Dr. Rhee’s dissertation was about how US had strived for the international protocol of the freedom of navigation, ‘Neutrality as Influenced by the United States’.

Right after graduation Dr. Rhee came back to Korea in 1910 and worked with the Americans in Korea to form a nationwide ‘liberal citizens’ self-help’ organization, YMCA. The great American philanthropist Mr. Wanamaker gave a huge donation and the ‘father of American NGO’ Mr. John Mott, the Nobel peace laureate 1947, guided the project remotely. When the project became a surprising success, in 1911, Japan arrested, tortured and sentenced one hundred five leaders, most of them were Christians and some were tortured to death. Since Dr. Rhee was too big a figure with close ties with influential US leaders, and since at that time Japan was pro-US and pro-UK, Americans in Korea successfully managed to protect Dr. Rhee from Japanese crack-down and to send him back to US.

Back in US, Dr. Rhee organized a strong Korean-American community in Hawaii and made every efforts to tell the US and Europeans that a free, prospering Korea is the only way to stabilize the geopolitics of East Asia. Dr. Rhee was the incarnation of the early stage people- to-people, spirit-to-spirit US-Korea alliance.

After 8 years since the ruthless crack-down of the powerful self-help organization in 1911, Korean people, under the leadership of Christian community supported by Americans in Korea, stood up peacefully against the Japanese rule. This is the March 1st. The month-long series of peaceful rallies for independence and freedom was the beginning of the awakening of the Korean people and of the long march toward today’s South Korea.

The March 1st was the sum of all this early stage alliance. Dr. Rhee in US, as well as Americans in Korea, were deeply involved in this mass campaign. That is why even though the WWI spread deep disillusionment and suspicion toward liberal democracy, civilization and human dignity and even though the Bolshevik revolution in Russia lured many too many learned people into pro-totalitarianism, the statement of the March 1st is full of optimism and belief in liberal democracy and free world. The world perspective and values upheld by the March 1st were exactly what the American missionaries had introduced since their first arrival. (belief in robust individuality; belief in human dignity; belief in the victory of free country, free trade and free world; optimism toward science and civilization; belief in liberal democracy; belief in self-help)

These world perspective and values help Koreans to overcome the ‘communist fashin’ which swept China and Manchuria. Among colonized people, Koreans were a unique case, During the Japanese rule the main stream world-perspective for independence was liberal democracy and freedom, not communism. For example, from early 20s, when communism began gaining popularity throughout the world and especially among colonized people, Dr. Rhee made clear five points why communism is not the way for independence:

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  • When private property is abolished, people get lazy.
  • When learned people are eliminated, people get ignorant.
  • When religion is persecuted, people loose moral sense.
  • When business men get eliminated, innovation stops.
  • While communists worldwide look up to USSR as the real ‘fatherland’, it is only a state keeping its own interest as its primary concern.

In short, the early stage people-to-people, spirit-to-spirit US-Korea alliance which culminated into the March 1st and which is represented by Dr. Rhee, precedes the current political, military and economic alliance by about 60 years. Thanks to this alliance, the mainstream vision for independence during the Japanese rule was always anti-communist liberal democracy. That is why South Korea survived Stalinist and Maoist influence and infiltration. That is why South Korea has become prosperous. That is why she can overcome the heavy magic spell by pro- totalitarian ‘peace-at-any-cost’ brainwashing.

A Manuscript for Resolution

Where as we send the warmest congratulation to Korean people for the centennial anniversary of the March 1st Movement which peacefully and clearly proclaimed:

  • the need for the extension of Woodrow Wilson’s self-determination from a geopolitical doctrine limited to Balkan peninsula and Middle East to a worldwide, universal principle,
  • the belief in robust individuality, human dignity, free country, free trade, free world, liberal democracy and self-help
  • the optimism toward science and civilization

Whereas the March 1st proclaims the above mentioned world perspective and values in a very agenizing time full of

  • disillusionment and suspicion toward civilization and morals, incurred by WWI
  • temptation by totalitarianism by the seemingly ‘progressive and successful’ Bolshvik revolution of Russia

Whereas the March 1st provided great inspiration to

  • the Indian peoples non-violence movement
  • the Chinese people’s May 4th Movement

Whereas the March 1st is the culmination of the early stage people-to-people, spirit-to-spirit

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alliance:

  • which had developed since the end of the 19th century
  • which are represented by such people as Homer Hulbert, John Mott, John Wanamaker and Syngman Rhee
  • which was heavily influenced by the powerful American-supported self-help organization oppressed by the so-called ‘one hundred five people ring crack-down 1911’(105인 사건)

Where as the early stage people-to-people, spirit-to-spirit alliance between the US and Korean people greatly helps Korean people under Japanese rule to envision independence not by communism but by liberal democracy and human dignity,

Where as the early stage people-to-people, spirit-to-spirit alliance between the US and Korean people precedes by almost 60 years any military, economic, or political alliance between our two countries, a fact which testifies:

  • the greatness of human mind and spirit
  • the deep context for our two people’s alliance

Be it resolved that it is the shared sense of the House (Senate) that –

(1) the world view and values of proclaimed by the March 1st should prevail throughout the Korean peninsula

(2) the geopolitical insight proclaimed by the March 1st that only free, independent and prospering Korean peninsula ensures the stability of East Asia is as much valid as it was in 1919

(3) our two people’s alliance is far more than country-to-country political, economic and military alliance; it is about the world perspective and values which have shaped the civilization.

31절100주년 기념행사 (1)